Shrub lavender (Lavandula) is a member of the family Lamiaceae. This genus unites approximately 30 species. Under natural conditions, it can be found in North and East Africa, in Arabia, in southern Europe, in Australia and India. In each country only 2 types of lavender are cultivated, namely: medicinal lavender, either narrow-leaved, or English, and French lavender, or broadleaf. The name of the shrub was derived from the Latin word "lava", which translates as "wash", the fact is that in the Ancient World the Greeks and Romans used it for washing and washing. Today, lavender can be found not only in the garden, it is also grown on an industrial scale as a valuable essential oil crop.
Short description of growing
Landing. Seeds are sown for seedlings in February – March, in open ground in October, and seedlings are transplanted in open soil in the last days of May or in the first days of June.
Bloom. It begins in the middle of the summer period.
Illumination. Needs a lot of bright sunlight.
Priming. It should be dry, well-permeable to water and air, loamy or sandy with a pH of 6.5–7.5.
Watering. Lavender should be watered systematically and abundantly. During a long dry period, the frequency of irrigation is increased.
Fertilizer. Feeding is carried out twice during the growing season. In spring, a complex mineral fertilizer with a high nitrogen content is introduced into the soil, and in the autumn - phosphorus-potassium fertilizer.
Hilling. Old plants need twice a season to high up, do it in spring and autumn.
Pruning. When the bush fades, all the inflorescences are removed from it, and in autumn, the branches are shortened. After the plant is 10 years old, it is rejuvenated, all branches are cut off at a height of 50 mm from the soil surface.
Reproduction. By the seed method, as well as by cuttings, layering and dividing the bush.
Harmful insects. Cicadas (slobbery pennies), rainbow beetles and aphids.
Diseases Gray rot.
Features of Lavender
Lavender is an evergreen perennial shrub, the root of which is fibrous and woody, it can go into the soil to a depth of about 200 centimeters. It has many stems, reaching a height of about 0.6 m, which are lignified in the lower part. The oppositely sessile leaf plates are linear in shape and have a greenish-silver color; there is a soft pubescence on their surface. Fragrant flowers are collected in interrupted spike-shaped inflorescences of 6-10 pieces in whorls, they are painted in lilac-blue or blue. Inflorescences are formed in the upper part of leafless shoots. The beginning of lavender flowering occurs in the middle of the summer period. This plant is considered a wonderful honey plant. If its seed material is stored correctly, then it will have excellent germination even after many years. Such a shrub is considered a relative of the following crops: hyssop, basil, mint, lemon balm, motherwort, oregano, sage and rosemary.