Flowers for the garden

A popular phrase about beauty requiring sacrifice can be fully attributed to the cottage: in order to make it truly beautiful, gardeners often sacrifice their strength, time, money ... But what if there is not enough time or experience, but do you want beauty? It's nice to relax among the elegant flower beds and flower beds - is it really possible only at the cost of titanic efforts? Not at all!

Matricaria

The flowering perennial plant marticaria (Matricaria), which is also called chamomile, is a representative of the family Asteraceae (Asters). This genus unites approximately 20 species. The most popular among them is the chamomile, which is widely used for medicinal and medicinal purposes. Under natural conditions, this plant can be found in South Africa, Eurasia and America, while it was also brought to Australia. Chamomiles are also called plants of other genera belonging to the Astrov family, similar to martikaria, for example: navel, gerbera, doronicum, feverfew, nyvyanik and aster. The fact is that all these plants form flowering baskets during flowering. In such a plant, the scientific name was derived from the Latin word translated "uterus", this is due to the fact that chamomile has long been used to treat gynecological diseases. The Russian name was borrowed from the Polish language, while it is considered to be derived from the word romana translated as "Roman", this is due to the fact that in the 16th century martikaria was called the "Roman color."
Features of martikaria
Matricaria
Martikaria is not a very tall herbaceous perennial. The structure of cirrus-dissected leaf plates includes many small fractions. Shields consist of hemispherical inflorescences-baskets, in diameter reaching 0.4–2 centimeters. Such baskets are formed by bisexual tubular yellow flowers, which are collected in the middle into a disk, and also by pistil false tongues - they are painted white and frame the disk. The fruit is an achene. Such a culture has a not very strong, but specific smell, its pollination is due to bees or wasps. Seed remains viable for 3 years.

Doronicum

The flowering plant doronicum (Doronicum), also called the roe, is a representative of the family Asteraceae. In nature, it is found in the mountains of Eurasia at an altitude of up to 3.5 thousand meters above sea level, as well as in regions with a temperate climate. Doronicum is also found in North Africa, but only 1 species. According to information taken from various sources, this genus unites 40–70 species. The scientific name of such a flower comes from the Arabic name of an unknown poisonous plant. It began to be cultivated from the 16th century, and it quickly became popular among gardeners due to its undemanding care and attractive appearance.
Features of Doronicum
Doronicum
The herbaceous perennial doronicum plant has regularly located stalk-bearing basal leaf plates. The shape of the inflorescence baskets is hemispherical or wide-bell-shaped, they are 2-6 pieces each collected in shields, but there are also single ones. At baskets, wrapper leaves are placed in 2 or 3 rows. The tubular median flowers are bisexual and painted yellow; they are arranged in several rows. At the same time, reed regional flowers are female and single-row, they are also painted yellow. The fruit is a blunt, ribbed achene of oblong shape.

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Badan

The perennial herbaceous plant of frankincense, or bergenia (Bergenia) is a member of the Kamchatka family. In nature, such a plant can be found in the temperate zone from the countries of Central Asia to China and Korea; it prefers to grow on stony soil and in cracked rocks. In culture, this plant appeared in the middle of the 18th century under the name "saxifrage", it was later isolated in a separate genus and it was given the Latin name in honor of Karl August von Bergen, who was a German botanist. The genus Badan unites 10 species, some of which are cultivated by gardeners. In addition, thanks to breeders, several dozen different hybrids and varieties of incense were born.
Short description of growing
Badan
Landing. Sowing the seeds of seedlings of seedlings for seedlings is carried out in boxes in the winter, seedlings dive in the first days of June, and planted seedlings in open soil in early August. If desired, the most powerful seedlings can be planted immediately in the garden at the beginning of June without diving.
Bloom. Depending on the type, the flowering time may vary, some of them begin to bloom in the last days of April. Flowering time is approximately 6 weeks.
Illumination. Grown in a slightly shaded place, but an area with bright diffused light is also suitable.
Priming. Suitable soil should be loose, light, moist and slightly alkaline.
Watering. In that case, if the season is dry with a small amount of rain, then the first time the flowers are watered during the formation of the buds, then when they bloom and the last time after 15–20 days. In the event that it rains regularly, then you do not need to water the incense.
Fertilizer. The first feeding is in early spring after the bush is trimmed, the second - 15 days after the incense blooms. For feeding use mineral complex fertilizer in liquid form.
Reproduction. By dividing the bush and seed way.
Harmful insects. Nematodes and slobbery pennies.
Diseases Ramulariosis
Properties In such a herbaceous perennial, the rhizome has healing properties. Means made from it are distinguished by hemostatic, antimicrobial, astringent, anti-inflammatory, wound healing and diuretic effects.
Features of Badan
The genus Badan is represented by evergreen herbaceous perennials and annuals. The height of the bushes, the rhizome of which is thick and horizontal, can vary from 6 to 35 centimeters. Large glossy leathery to the touch sheet plates are assembled in a basal rosette; they have long petioles and a dark green color. Dense panicle inflorescences consist of pink, red or white goblet-shaped flowers. Flowering begins in the last spring or first summer weeks. The composition of one inflorescence may include about 120 flowers. The fruit is a box with seeds.
In landscape design, this flower looks great against the background of stones next to narrow-leaved or variegated plants (for example, phlox or hosts).

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Lavender

Shrub lavender (Lavandula) is a member of the family Lamiaceae. This genus unites approximately 30 species. Under natural conditions, it can be found in North and East Africa, in Arabia, in southern Europe, in Australia and India. In each country only 2 types of lavender are cultivated, namely: medicinal lavender, either narrow-leaved, or English, and French lavender, or broadleaf. The name of the shrub was derived from the Latin word "lava", which translates as "wash", the fact is that in the Ancient World the Greeks and Romans used it for washing and washing. Today, lavender can be found not only in the garden, it is also grown on an industrial scale as a valuable essential oil crop.
Short description of growing
Lavender
Landing. Seeds are sown for seedlings in February – March, in open ground in October, and seedlings are transplanted in open soil in the last days of May or in the first days of June.
Bloom. It begins in the middle of the summer period.
Illumination. Needs a lot of bright sunlight.
Priming. It should be dry, well-permeable to water and air, loamy or sandy with a pH of 6.5–7.5.
Watering. Lavender should be watered systematically and abundantly. During a long dry period, the frequency of irrigation is increased.
Fertilizer. Feeding is carried out twice during the growing season. In spring, a complex mineral fertilizer with a high nitrogen content is introduced into the soil, and in the autumn - phosphorus-potassium fertilizer.
Hilling. Old plants need twice a season to high up, do it in spring and autumn.
Pruning. When the bush fades, all the inflorescences are removed from it, and in autumn, the branches are shortened. After the plant is 10 years old, it is rejuvenated, all branches are cut off at a height of 50 mm from the soil surface.
Reproduction. By the seed method, as well as by cuttings, layering and dividing the bush.
Harmful insects. Cicadas (slobbery pennies), rainbow beetles and aphids.
Diseases Gray rot.
Features of Lavender
Lavender
Lavender is an evergreen perennial shrub, the root of which is fibrous and woody, it can go into the soil to a depth of about 200 centimeters. It has many stems, reaching a height of about 0.6 m, which are lignified in the lower part. The oppositely sessile leaf plates are linear in shape and have a greenish-silver color; there is a soft pubescence on their surface. Fragrant flowers are collected in interrupted spike-shaped inflorescences of 6-10 pieces in whorls, they are painted in lilac-blue or blue. Inflorescences are formed in the upper part of leafless shoots. The beginning of lavender flowering occurs in the middle of the summer period. This plant is considered a wonderful honey plant. If its seed material is stored correctly, then it will have excellent germination even after many years. Such a shrub is considered a relative of the following crops: hyssop, basil, mint, lemon balm, motherwort, oregano, sage and rosemary.

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